Sian Ka`an, Tulum and Coba
On the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico there is much more to discover than all inclusive resorts.
To name only three highlights- Sian Ka`an, Tulum and Coba.
Sian Ka’an is considered the largest protected area in Mexico, in Tulum and Coba you can explore old impressive temple sites of the Maya.
Sian Ka’an is a national park. It is located on the Eastern shore of the Yucatán Peninsula in the state of Quintana Roo.
In 1986 its territory was designated as a National Park and since 1987 a biosphere reserve by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
It consists of tropical rain forest, wetlands, coastal and marine ecosystems.
The name Sian Ka`an comes from the Mayan language and means literally place where the sky was born.
The most popular way to explore Sian Ka`an is by Jeep Safari with lunch in the old fishing village of Punta Allen.
In Punta Allen there is only eco-tourism.
The village has no connection to the public electricity. The current required is alternatively generated with solar and wind power generators.
Tulum is the only temple site of the Maya by the sea and in Mayan language Tulum means something like fortress.
130 km from the touristic city of Cancun, Tulum is the former economic center of the ancient Maya,
which flourished before the Spanish arrived in Yucatán 1200-1400 AD.
Although Tulum plays a rather minor role for archeology, the temple complex is particularly picturesque for visitors.
In the morning many buses with tourists arrive here from Cancun, so it is the best to be here early in the morning or late afternoon.
Due to the oblique rays of the sun into the building the finest photos can be shot at this time.
The most impressive construction is El Castillo. It is dedicated to the god Kukulkan.
Cobá is located deep in the jungle and is surrounded by many lakes.
Cobá was first discovered in 1891. However, the first excavations have begun in 1929.
The city was built in the middle of a particularly large network of paths (Sacbé) that converged various Mayan settlements.
Cobá is one of the most important sites in which you can see this kind of sacbés.
In its heydays (ca. 300-1000 AD.) Cobá had about 40,000 inhabitants.
However, Cobá was occupied up to the 15th century, as one of the last Mayan sites.
The ruins are still largely hidden by the jungle and you have to walk distances, if you want to explore the area.
The countless ways, two pyramids, various buildings of Cobá Square, paintings, the Chumuc-Nul Square and Mascanxoc Square are hidden in the jungle.
Those who are not fit to walk, also have the option to rent a bicycle to trace the paths by bike. The rental place is directly behind the ball court at the main entrance.
A visit to this place evokes an explorers instinct.